How to Distinguish between Different Ranks of The Indian Army?

Distinguishing or identifying the Ranks of the Indian Army Personnel is bit hard for the civilians even when they observe anyone in uniform. There are many ranks of an Indian army officer, and if you are a true defence aspirant, you must be able to identify the officer without knowing his rank just by looking at his uniform. We will explain briefly on the ranks of Indian army officers so that if someone ever asks about ranks, you should be able to reply easily.

1. Lieutenant​

Lieutenant rank in the Indian Army




On commissioning into Indian Army as an Officer in Pay Level 10
Abbreviation:- Lt.
Insignia:- Two five-pointed stars

2. Captain​

Captain Rank


On completion of 2 years reckonable commissioned service.
Abbreviation:- Capt.
Insignia:- Three five-pointed stars

Captain Pawan Kumar


3. Major​

Rank of Major in the Indian Army


On completion of 6 years reckonable commissioned service subject to clearance of Part B exam.
Abbreviation:- Maj.
Insignia:- National emblem

Major Surendra Poonia


4. Lieutenant Colonel​

Lieutenant Colonel


On completion of 13 years reckonable commissioned service subject to clearance of Part D exam.
Abbreviation:- Lt. Col.
Insignia:- National emblem over five-pointed star

5. Colonel​

Rank of Colonel in the Indian Army


Colonel & above are Selection Grade. 15 years of commissioned service required for selection. Duration of Time Scale promotion to Colonel is 26 years of commissioned service.
Abbreviation:- Col.
Insignia:- National emblem over two five-pointed stars

Col. Santosh Mahadik (Martyr)


Gorget patches (Collar tabs, Collar patches):- Crimson patches with golden braids

Crimson patches with golden braids


6. Brigadier​

Rank of Brigadier in the Indian Army


By selection. 25 years of commissioned service required
Abbreviation:- Brig.
Insignia:- National emblem over three five-pointed stars in a triangular formation

Gorget patches (Collar tabs, Collar patches):- Crimson patches with One golden star

Crimson patches with One golden star


7. Major General​

Rank of Major General in the Indian Army


By selection. 32 years of commissioned service required.
Abbreviation:- Maj. Gen.
Insignia:- One five-pointed star over a crossed baton and Saber

Photo By-Gulshan Sachdeva


Gorget patches (Collar tabs, Collar patches):- Crimson patches with Two golden stars

Crimson patches with Two golden stars


8. Lieutenant General​

Rank of Lieutenant General in the Indian Army


By selection. 36 years of commissioned service required. Lieutenant generals appointed as Vice Chief of Army Staff/Army Commanders/Equivalent/NFSG.
Abbreviation:- Lt. Gen.
Insignia:- A five-pointed star over a crossed baton and Saber

Lt Gen Syed Ata Hasnain


Gorget patches (Collar tabs, Collar patches):- Crimson patches with Three golden stars

Crimson patches with Three golden stars


9. General​

Rank of General in the Indian Army


Held only by the Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army. equivalent to Cabinet Secretary of India
Abbreviation:- Gen.
Insignia:- National emblem over a five-pointed star, all over a crossed baton and Saber

Gen1-1024x896-1.jpg


Gorget patches (Collar tabs, Collar patches):- Crimson patches with Four golden stars

Crimson patches with Four golden stars


10. Field Marshal​

Rank of Field Marshal in the Indian Army


Only two appointments have ever been made.
Insignia:- National emblem over a crossed baton and Saber in a Lotus Blossom Wreath

FM1.jpg


Gorget patches (Collar tabs, Collar patches):- Crimson patches with Five golden stars

Crimson patches with Five golden stars


All the ranks in the order- (left to right) –​

All the ranks in the order- (left to right)


We hope this article on ranks of officers in their order will help you to identify any soldier without even knowing his rank.
 
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