Childrens are special and India is on the way to become a proud parent of a child named KALI-5000. The KALI-5000 is a linear electron accelerator. KALI stands for Kilo Ampere Linear Injector and is being developed by Defence Research Development Organization (DRDO) and the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) in India. It is not a laser weapon as is commonly believed. KALI 5000 is a weapon whose quickly emitted pulses of Relativistic Electron Beams (REB) can destroy the target of any enemy missile. It does not bore a hole in the target like laser beam but thoroughly damages the on-board electronic systems.
The Kali is a particle accelerator. It emits powerful pulses of electrons (Relativistic Electron Beams- REB). Other components in the machine down the line convert the electron energy into EM Radiation, which can be adjusted to x-ray (as Flash X-Rays) or microwave (High Power Microwave) frequencies.
With Kali comes hope as one day it can be used in a High-Power Microwave gun, which could destroy incoming missiles and aircraft through soft-kill (destroying the electronic circuitry on the missile).
HistoryThe root of this project goes deep in Indian history. Dr P.H. Ron founded the Kali project and it was later mooted by the then Director of the BARC, Dr. R. Chidambaram in 1985. Accelerators & Pulse Power Division of the BARC began the work in 1989. It was first developed keeping the industrial perspective in mind but the defense perspective came into existence after quite some time. The first accelerators had a power of ~0.4GW, which increased as later versions were developed. These were the KALI 80, KALI 200, KALI 1000, KALI 5000 and KALI 10000. The KALI-5000 was commissioned in late 2004.
DesignThe KALI series of accelerators are also described as “Single Shot Pulsed Gigawatt Electron Accelerators”. These are single shot devices, where water filled capacitors are used to build the charge energy. The discharge is in the range of 1GW. Initially starting with 0.4GW power, present accelerators are able to reach 40GW. Pulse time is about 60 ns. The Microwave radiations emitted by the KALI-5000 are approximately in the 3–5 GHz Range
KALI – 5000: It produces electron pulses of about 100 ns with an energy of about 1 MeV, current 40 kA and a power of 40 GW. Therefore the REB thus generated will be used for the further generation of High Power Microwaves(HPM) & Flash X Rays(FXR).
The versatile nature of Kali has been put to several uses by the DRDO. The X-rays emitted are used as an illuminator in Ballistics research for ultra high speed photography by the Terminal Ballistics Research Institute (TBRL) in Chandigarh. The Microwave emissions are used to test the vulnerability of the electronic systems of the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA). Kali is also used in designing electrostatic shields for the LCA and missiles. It’s also used for protecting satellites against deadly Electromagnetic Impulses (EMI) generated by nuclear weapons and other cosmic disturbances. Electronic components currently used in missiles can withstand fields of approx. 300 V/cm, while the fields in case of EMI attack reach thousands of V/cm.
As a weapon, Kali’s potential is a threat to China. However, it’s still under development and efforts are being made for making Kali a compact weapon and for also decreasing it’s charging time. There are rumors that the officials are thinking of placing the weaponized KALI in an Il-76 aircraft as an airborne defence system. It’s going to be a huge leap for the Indian weaponry.
There is a lot of technical information which has been taken from Wikipedia.